Conversations with History: Institute of International Studies, UC Berkeley
This interview is part of the Institute's "Conversations with History" series, and uses Internet technology to share with the public Berkeley's distinction as a global forum for ideas.
Photos courtesy of Sir Brian.
Welcome to a Conversation on International
Affairs. I'm Harry Kreisler of the Institute of International Studies. Our distinguished guest today is Sir Brian Urquhart, former Undersecretary General of the United Nations. Sir Brian is a Regents' Lecturer on the Berkeley campus this [spring 1996] semester.
- Education ... family, Westminster,
Oxford, and the war
- The Battle of Arnhem ... "Operation
Market Garden" ...
the bridge too far ... British overconfidence ... the vanity and ambition of
- The Bergen-Belsen Concentration Camp ...
the postwar plans of German scientists ... entering the camp ... the effect
on British soldiers
- The Experience of War Leads to the Formation
of the UN ... Roosevelt
and Churchill ... the importance of human rights ... postwar optimism ...
the Cold War "faultline" ... American ideals
- Eleanor Roosevelt and Ralph Bunche ...
Eleanor Roosevelt and the Declaration of Human Rights ... Eleanor Roosevelt
takes on the Russians ... Bunche's early scholarship on racism and colonialism
... an early founder of the Civil Rights Movement and the National Negro Congress
... Bunche's understanding of the threat of Hitler ... side-tracked in the
Middle East ... the Nobel Peace Prize
- Early Peacekeeping Operations: Israel/Palestine;
the Congo ... Bunche
creates the first peacekeeping force ... civil war in the Congo ... Urquhart
is held hostage ... remembering Dag Hammarskjöld
- The UN in the Post - Cold War World ...
when is peacekeeping useful? ... comparing Desert Storm with the wars in Somalia
or Yugoslavia ... the need for an instant deployment force ... the turnaround
in U.S. attitudes toward the UN
- Conclusion ... careers in peace and
diplomacy ... basic philosophy
See the Brian Urquhart page with links
to other interviews, internet "chats" with high school and college students,
biography, and more.
© Copyright 1996, Regents of the University of California
Site questions: Email iis_webmgr at berkeley.edu.