Conversations with History: Institute
of International Studies, UC Berkeley
This interview is part of the Institute's "Conversations
with History" series, and uses Internet technology to share with the public
Berkeley's distinction as a global forum for ideas.
Welcome to a Conversation with History. I'm Harry Kreisler of the Institute
of International Studies. Our guest today is Ambassador Princeton Lyman, who
is the former U.S. Ambassador to Nigeria and to South Africa. He was Assistant
Secretary of State for International Organizations in the Clinton administration.
Princeton Lyman is currently Director of the Interdependence Initiative at the
Aspen Institute, a
project coordinating the efforts of advocacy, business, and humanitarian groups
to cope with the tensions created by contemporary globalization. He is author
of the book Partner to History, which recounts his experience in South
Africa during the transition from Apartheid to democracy.
- Background ... influence of parents
... education ... choice of government service
- Government Service ... foreign aid
eclipsed by war ... skills of diplomacy ... abroad and at home ... theory
versus practice ... impact of Vietnam war ... government's self-deception
... impact of the sixties ... insider versus outsider
- U.S. Foreign Policy ... exceptionalism and unilateralism ... importance of getting Congress's
approval ... political misreading of public opinion ... compromise and pressure
in the case of UN arrears
- Public Opinion ... different perspectives
of elites and general public ... teaching elites to speak in the language
of the public ... the dominance of the negative in the press ... failure of
leadership and vision
- State Power and Globalization ...
giving up autarchy... functional versus regional issues ... conducting bilateral
relations in a multilateral context ... importance of nongovernmental actors
and civil society ... continuing importance of state power ... necessity for
multilateral solutions ... implications of 9/11 ... integration and fragmentation
- Conclusion ... dvice to students
... humanitarian concerns ... responsibility gravitates to those with the
best ideas ... bringing balance to the table
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