Conversations with History: Institute
of International Studies, UC Berkeley
This interview is part of the Institute's "Conversations
with History" series, and uses Internet technology to share with the
public Berkeley's distinction as a global forum for ideas.
Welcome to a Conversation with History. I'm Harry
Kreisler of the Institute
of International Studies. Our guest today is Major General Robert H. Scales,
Jr., U.S. Army, Retired. He is a veteran of Vietnam and a Silver Star recipient.
He served over thirty years in the U.S. Army, culminating in a tour as the
commandant of the United States Army War College. He is most recently the
author of Yellow
Smoke: The Future of Land War for America's Military, and coauthor with
William Murray of The Iraq War. He is the 2004 Fleet Admiral Chester
W. Nimitz Lecturer at Berkeley.
- Background ... military family ...
early interest in military history ... dissertation on British military
- Doing Military Strategy ... linking
to national destiny ... ideas and vision ... learning from loss ... new technologies
... need for cultural awareness
- The Perception of America's Weaknesses
... perceived half-heartedness ... current overreliance on technology
- New Demands on American Soldiers
... nation-building as a phase of war ... managing public expectations ...
shifting gears overnight ... balancing technological and cultural training
... the nature of indirect command ... high responsibility at lower rank ...
blind trust in computer icons
- Lessons of Vietnam: Hamburger Hill
... need more than firepower ... unpredictable consequences ... soldiers'
tenacity ... public's post-Vietnam distaste for protracted warfare ... choosing
our wars more carefully
- Military Strategy after 9/11 ...
Americans feel more globally connected ... military's newest technological
revolution ... greater need for cultural understanding ... need for more troops
... clearer definition of national interests ... help from allies ... a diffuse
enemy over longer timespan ... war as a thinking man's game
© Copyright 2004, Regents of the University
Site questions: Email iis_webmgr at berkeley.edu..