Conversations with History: Institute
of International Studies, UC Berkeley
This interview is part of the Institute's "Conversations
with History" series, and uses Internet technology to share with the public
Berkeley's distinction as a global forum for ideas.
Welcome to a Conversation with History. I'm Harry Kreisler of the Institute
of International Studies. Our guest today is John Shattuck, who is the CEO of
the Kennedy Library Foundation. During the Clinton administration from 1993
to 1998, he was Assistant Secretary of State for Democracy, Human Rights and
Labor; and then from '98 to 2000, Ambassador to the Czech Republic.
He is the author of Freedom on Fire, an account of his work in the Clinton
- Assistant Secretary of State
... portfolio ... personal background ... selection by Clinton ... human rights
in the presidential campaign ... complicating factors in human rights agenda
- Dynamics of Policymaking ...
impact of Somalia ... Rwanda ... Washington interagency gridlock ... presidential
gridlock ... public apathy ... Haiti ... importance of domestic politics ...
the costs of the forces of disintegration ... conflict resolution paradox
... strategies for moving the agenda forward ... successful corroboration
of victims' stories by CIA
- China ... Tiananmen Square massacre
... contradiction between human rights and economic engagement ... diminishment
of human rights agenda
- Serving in Government ... thinking
about resigning ... staying on to advance the process
- Impact of 9/11 ... positive
impacts: waking up America ... ousting the Taliban ... negative impacts: reformist
dissidents regarded as terrorists ... crackdown on domestic civil liberties
... challenge to Geneva Conventions at Guantanamo ... doctrine of preemption
... loss of U.S. soft power
- Lessons of the Second Iraq War
... disregard of previous lessons learned ... need for multilateral support;
need for in-country leadership; need for trained peacekeeping forces
- Lessons Learned ... importance
of rule of law ... confronting evil ... example of President of Kennedy
See also the 1997 interview with Shattuck: Diplomacy
and the Shaping of a Human Rights Agenda and Shattuck's 1997
Internet "chat" with high school students.
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