Conversations with History: Institute
of International Studies, UC Berkeley
This interview is part of the Institute's "Conversations
with History" series, and uses Internet technology to share with the
public Berkeley's distinction as a global forum for ideas.
Welcome to a Conversation with History. I'm Harry
Kreisler of the Institute
of International Studies. Our guest today is Ambassador Princeton Lyman who
is the Ralph Bunch Senior Fellow and Director of the African Policy Studies
at the Council on Foreign Relations. He served as U.S. Ambassador to Nigeria
and South Africa and is Assistant Secretary of State for International Organizations.
He's the author of Partner to History: the U.S. Role in South Africa's
Transition to Democracy. And most recently, he was with J. Steven Morrison,
Project Director of the Council on Foreign Relations new report on Africa,
called More than Humanitarianism: A Strategic U.S. Approach to Africa.
- Origins of the CFR Report on Africa ...
decision to take a fresh approach toward Africa policy ... the process of
generating the report ... why Africa is important ... interrelated challenges
- Public Health ... AIDS/HIV ...
both U.S. and multilateral responses ... treatment as a human rights issue
... the work of Africans themselves ... changes in US-AID funding ... long-term
commitment ... role of the private sector ... differing responses to HIV
in different countries ... civil society and new approaches
- Peacekeeping ... conflicts on
the wane ... assigning multilateral roles ... nonpartisan nature of much
of U.S. Africa policy ... spillover from U.S. culture wars ... important
role of ambassadors
- Economic Development ... the problem
of aid dependency ... the problem of agricultural subsidies in the U.S. and
- Educating the American Public ...
recognizing the problemsolving work of Africans ... America's stake in African
oil ... long-term investments ... infrastructure ... employment and the youth
bulge ... encouraging transparency in the oil sector
- Terrorism ... al Qaeda terrorism
in Africa predated 9/11 ... African jihadists in Iraq ... beyond a military
response ... need for diplomatic outreach
- China ... advantages of China
partnerships for Africans ... building infrastructure ... blind eye to dictatorships
... responsibility of superpower
- The Future of U.S. Policy toward Africa ...
constituencies of support ... structural lack of cohesion ... balancing regional
support ... solve problems while they are manageable ... how to make a difference
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